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Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing 2016;9(1):51-65.
Published online June 30, 2016.

간호사간 직장내 괴롭힘 발생률에 관한 체계적 문헌고찰과 메타분석
강지연, 이민주
1동아대학교 간호학과
2고신대학교 복음병원 외과계중환자실
Pooled Prevalence of Workplace Bullying in Nursing: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Jiyeon Kang, Minju Lee
1Department of Nursing, Dong-A University
2Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Kosin University Gospel Hospital
Abstract
Purpose
This study aimed to estimate the pooled prevalence of workplace bullying among nurses and examine the effect of moderate factors.
Methods
Studies that assessed nursing workplace bullying using the negative act questionnaire developed by Einarsen et al. were searched for in 8 databases. The pooled prevalence was calculated with overall event rate and meta-ANOVA was performed for subgroup analysis. A funnel plot and Egger's linear regression asymmetry test were performed to confirm the publication bias of meta-analyzed studies.
Results
A total of 23 studies (N=11,748) were included in the systematic review, and 14 studies (N=4,585) that reported prevalence using operational criteria of victim were selected for meta-analysis. The pooled prevalence of workplace bullying was 22.2% (95% CI: 19.0~25.7). Domestic studies reported lower prevalence than international studies (18.6% vs. 27.0%, Q=8.75, p=.003). The prevalences were different according to publication year (30.6% in 2008~2010, 19.5% in 2011~2014, 21.8% in 2015, Q=11.89, p=.003). Studies that recruited only new nurses reported higher prevalence than others (28.4% vs. 20.6%, Q=3.92, p=.048). Publication bias was not found.
Conclusions
Workplace bullying is prevalent in the nursing profession, and is more serious for new graduate nurses. Individual and organizational measures for preventing workplace bullying among nurses need to be sought.
Key Words: Nurses, Workplace bullying, Meta-analysis, Prevalence
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