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Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing 2017;10(3):53-64.
Published online October 31, 2017.

전신마취 복부 수술 후 적극적인 가온요법이 통증, 체온 및 체온불편감에 미치는 효과
김언진, 이윤미
1인제대학교 대학원
2인제대학교 간호학과, 건강과학연구소
The Effects of Active Warming on Pain, Temperature, and Thermal Discomfort in Postoperative Patients after General Anesthesia for Abdominal Surgery
Unjin Kim, Yun Mi Lee
1Doctoral Candidate, Inje University, Busan, Korea.
2Professor, Department of Nursing, Institute of Health Science, Inje University, Busan, Korea. lym312@inje.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
This study investigated the effects of active warming using a Warm Touch warming system or a cotton blanket in postoperative patients after general anesthesia for abdominal surgery.
METHODS
This quasi-experimental study utilized two experimental groups and one control group: a cotton-blanket group (n = 25) were warmed with a cotton blanket and a sheet; a forced-air warming group (n = 24) were warmed with a Warm Touch warming system, a cotton blanket, and a sheet; and a control group (n = 25) were warmed with a sheet. Measurement variables were postoperative pain, body temperature, and thermal discomfort. Data were analyzed using a one-way ANOVA, χ2-tests, Fisher's exact test, and a repeated measures ANOVA.
RESULTS
The effects of active warming using a Warm Touch warming system and a cotton blanket on postoperative patients was significant in reducing pain (F = 13.91, p < .001) and increasing body temperature (F = 12.49, p < .001).
CONCLUSION
Active warming made a significant difference in pain and body temperature changes. Active warming methods may help patients' postoperative recovery and prevent complications. Further research is needed to explore the effects and side effects of active warming on recovering normothermia.
Key Words: Postanesthesia nursing, Body temperature, Pain
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