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Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing 2018;11(1):67-78.
Published online February 28, 2018.

중환자실의 욕창 예방 중재 프로그램의 효과 : 메타 분석
강현욱, 고지운
1강원대학교
2선문대학교
Effectiveness of the Intervention Programs for Pressure Ulcer Prevention in Intensive Care Units : A Meta-analysis
Hyunwook Kang, Ji Woon Ko
1Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, Kangwon National University, Kangwon, Korea.
2Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing Science, Sun Moon University, Chungnam, Korea. jiwoon5275@sunmoon.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
A meta-analysis was conducted to identify the effectiveness of strategies designed to prevent the incidence and prevalence of pressure ulcers in intensive care units (ICUs).
METHOD
The search strategy was designed to retrieve studies both published and unpublished between 2007 and 2017 including studies in English across PubMed and CINAHL, as well as in Korean across RISS, DBPia, NDSL, KISS, and NAL. All adult ICU participants were 18 years or over. Inclusion criteria were randomized controlled trials, quasi-experimental and comparative studies. Two independent reviewers conducted quality assessments of the included studies by Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network. A Review Manager 5 was used to analyze effect sizes and to identify possible sources of heterogeneity among the studies.
RESULTS
The odds ratio (OR) effect sizes were all statistically significant. The OR of total effect size was 0.30(95% CI: 0.19, 0.47), care bundle was 0.37(95% CI: 0.24, 0.57), position change was 0.45(95% CI: 0.10, 2.08), and a silicone border foam dressing was 0.14(95% CI: 0.07, 0.29).
CONCLUSION
The preventive interventions for patients in the ICUs have positive impacts on reducing the incidence of pressure ulcers.
Key Words: Pressure ulcer, Intensive care unit, Intervention, Meta-analysis
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