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Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing 2014;7(2):1-13.
Published online December 31, 2014.

간이식환자와 간호사의 퇴원교육 요구 중요도 차이 비교
구미지, 김동희, 김경남
1양산부산대학교병원
2부산대학교 간호대학
3부산여자대학교 간호학과
Comparison of Discharge Learning Needs between Nurses and Liver Transplantation Patients
Mi Jee Koo, Dong-Hee Kim, Kyoung Nam Kim
1Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital
2College of Nursing, Pusan National University
3Department of Nursing, Busan Women's College
Abstract
Purpose
The purpose of this study was to determine the difference in reported discharge learning needs between nurses and liver transplantation (LT) patients.
Methods
The participants of this study were 40 patients discharged after LT at P University Hospital in Y City and 42 nurses in intensive care units and the ward. The data were collected for two months from December 1, 2012, to January 31, 2013, and were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Student's t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA).
Results
Patients earning a low income (p=.041), having no experience of hospitalization after LT (p=.023), and receiving information about LT from nurses (p=.003) indicated higher discharge learning needs. Among the items evaluated regarding discharge learning needs, "rejection symptoms or signs" were regarded to be more important by nurses than LT patients (p=.038). However, "management of other diseases after LT" (p=.003), "risk of recurrence" (p=.001), "food choices" (p<.001), "obesity prevention" (p=.020), "amount of exercise" (p=.007), and "ways to receive financial help"(p=.033), were thought to be more important by LT patients than nurses.
Conclusion
There exist differences between LT patients and nurses with respect to their perceptions of LT discharge learning needs. Therefore, an individualized education program reflecting patients' conditions and learning needs rather than providing information uniformly needs to be developed.
Key Words: Nurses, Liver transplantation, Learning needs
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